One in four Indians who committed suicide in 2021 were daily wage labourers.
About 25% of the 1,64,033 suicides this year involved daily wage labourers. According to India (PDF) National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).
An NCRB report said that since 2014, the share of the economically weaker group in the total number of suicides has been steadily increasing.
Women continue to be a vulnerable group.
The second single largest vulnerable group (14.1%) was housewives, mostly women.
Most were due to marriage-related problems such as dowry, extramarital affairs, and divorce, as well as many diseases.
However, mental health experts say domestic violence is one of the main reasons not mentioned in the NCRB data. up to 30% of married Indian women Government data shows that spousal violence has been experienced.
The self-employed saw the biggest increase in suicides in 2021, up 17% from the previous year to 20,231. This possibly reflects the severity of business losses due to the pandemic.
It should be noted that up to 14.4 percent of the total cases in 2021 involved “other persons”, which refers to people who do not fall into any of the mentioned categories.
Maharashtra, one of India’s most industrialized and business-friendly states, recorded the highest number of suicides in 2021 at 22,207. It is followed by Tamil Nadu (18,925), Madhya Pradesh (14,956), West Bengal (13,500) and Karnataka (13,056). Among Union Territories, Delhi tops the list with 2,840 cases.
Lower demand for labor during Covid-19 may be a reason.
The 2020 lockdown put brakes on India’s economy.
India’s covid lockdown in 2020 created a major economic crisis, especially for those at the bottom end of the pyramid. Reverse migration Saw millions of poor people walking hundreds of kilometers from cities to villages. Strict measures to prevent the spread of the virus were eased. Real wages to hit record low And fueled unemployment, experts said.
“The recession caused employment to shrink, while the labor supply increased. This has put a lot of pressure on the daily wage market, which is unable to absorb workers and those who do get jobs, their “Wages are being pushed down,” said Anamitra Roychowdhury, assistant professor in the Department of Labor Studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University. Then said.